|Porous borders and mobile migrant populations present challenges to malaria elimination worldwide. This study estimates the size and migration patterns of mobile migrants engaged in Artisanal Small-scale Gold Mining on the Suriname-French Guiana border.
Using a mixed methods approach, including primary data (site visits, head counts, network analysis), and secondary data from 2020-2023, the study shows consistent estimates. Approximately 20,000 individuals are active in gold mining in Suriname, with an additional 11,000 in French Guiana, totaling around 31,000. Population turnover is approximately 10.5%, with 95% being newcomers.
These findings aid malaria elimination efforts and are of importance to any efforts to estimate hard-to-reach (mobile migrant) populations.
For further reading see our study on Mobile Migrant Population in Suriname.