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End of Term Review of the Mobilising More for Climate programme (MoMo4C)

Cameroon, Ghana, Indonesia, Uganda, and Zambia
2019 – 2024

KIT conducted the end of-term Review (ETR) of the five-year MoMo4C programme which used a landscape approach to mobilise funding for projects implementing Bankable Nature Solutions to tackle climate change.

A woman rubber- tapping in Mekar Raya Village, Indonesia by Irpan (MoMo4C)

Programme background

WWF Netherlands, IUCN and Tropenbos are working together to address the financial gap in tackling climate change. Some countries, hit hardest by the effects of climate change, face difficulties in mitigating risks, accessing affordable green finance and creating innovative financial instruments to invest in adaptation. 

The MoMo4C programme brings together entrepreneurs, companies, policymakers, investors, civil society organisations and local entrepreneurs to make green business propositions that tackle the impacts and causes of climate change at the landscape level in developing countries, and attract investments to implement these initiatives. The programme is funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

By mobilising more funding for nature-based climate adaptation and mitigation solutions, the programme contributes to a number of healthy and thriving landscapes in Cameroon, Ghana (two landscapes), Indonesia, Uganda, and Zambia (six landscapes). 

MoMo4C is implemented by local partners, through impact pathways categorised into three steps:

1. Multi-stakeholder collaborations to develop climate solutions:

2. Make the business case for climate solutions:

3. Share lessons and models with investors for scaling up:


KIT’s objectives for the end-of-term review are to assess the programme’s effectiveness, relevance, impact, sustainability and coherence – in accordance with the OECD criteria. 

The main research questions are rather forward looking, to inform a next five-year programme building on what worked well in first MoMo4C implementation period.

Approach and methods 

The approach involves a review of the programme-level Theory of Change (TOC), collecting evidence on three main impact pathways (per programme pillar), and a review of the landscape-level TOCs. The latter were adapted by local partners who implement the programme in their landscape, based on the programme-level TOC, and were meant to be tailored to the unique challenges and opportunities in each landscape. 

KIT visited three landscapes, in Ghana, Zambia and Indonesia, and used qualitative research methods (desk review, interviews and focus groups) to collect evidence at output, outcome and impact level, to check assumptions of the local TOC. For the other countries and landscapes the data collection was done online. 

To answer a part of the research questions and to co-design the follow-up five-year MoMo4C programme, KIT interviewed international financial institutions (development financial institutions, carbon credit investment funds, impact investors, and other public and commercial funders), and entrepreneurs that were engaged with the programme. 

Results and recommendations

Coming soon

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