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Accelerating Farmer-led Irrigation Development

Muturi J, Oggema S , van Veldhuizen L , Mehari A & Veldwisch GJ

Theory and practice of the Smart Water for Agriculture in Kenya project

In Africa, irrigation is back on the agricultural development agenda. Major initiatives stress its importance. The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, for instance, has extension of the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems as one of its four central pillars (NEPAD, 2003).

Most of the debate on the required action and related investments for accelerating irrigation development suggests that public investment in large-scale irrigation development is required. Large-scale private (foreign) investments are considered as another promising way forward.

All this ignores the rapidly growing number of farmers’ irrigation initiatives that are widespread throughout Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (Woodhouse et al., 2017, Veldwisch et al. 2019). In many parts of Africa, unnoticed by many, small- and mediumscale farmers are making substantial investments in irrigation development, which, when combined, cover thousands of hectares. In these cases, farmers have assumed a driving role in developing or improving their water use for agriculture. In the process, they rely on and influence other farmers, private sector companies – such as agro-dealers and traders – extension agents, irrigation engineers and others. This is what is called farmer-led irrigation development (FLID).

Related project

  • Smart Water for Agriculture in Kenya

    • Institute
    • Project

    Water management in agriculture remains a serious challenge in Kenya. Around 90 percent of the country is arid or semi-arid land and it has highly variable rainfall patterns. A growing number of water-intensive economic and agricultural activities are also exacerbating these conditions. Download the new publication: Lessons on Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration for Farmer-Led Irrigation Development Investing in smart […]