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Gender and forest resources in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic literature review

Verena Bitzer, Monika Moździerz, Rob Kuijpers, Greetje Schouten, Denabo Billo Juju
Publication year

Consolidating, analysing and synthesizing the empirical literature on gender and forest resources within low- and middle-income countries to unravel the multifaceted factors contributing to gender disparities.

This systematic literature review provides a comprehensive understanding of the gender disparities in forest resource management, highlighting the multifaceted impact of gender norms on women’s access to and use of forest resources in LMICs. The article consolidates 135 empirical studies to unravel the factors contributing to gender disparities, identifying three key dimensions of gender norms affecting ‘gender and forest resources’: gendered space, gendered hardship of labour, and gendered purpose of collecting and using forest resources. These dimensions come with internal contradictions between the perceived norms and the actual lived realities. The article concludes with a call for further research to understand whether these contradictions hinder the reinforcement or mark the beginning of a shift in critical gender norms and the gender division of labour.

A list of articles

  • Inclusive Conservation and Livelihoods in Tropical Forests: Exploring Gender Transformative Approaches

    • Institute
    • Project

    KIT Institute and Farm Africa are conducting a participatory action research study on forest conservation, livelihoods, and gender in the Bale Ecoregion in Ethiopia. The study will guide and support women in communities around the Harenna forest in the pursuit of alternative income-generating activities that empower them, improve their wellbeing, and that contribute to forest […]