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The support for farmers-led seed systems in African seed laws

Working Paper Series 2017 – 9

The objective of this report is to compare regional and national seed laws in Africa, and analyse the extent to which they support (or undermine) farmers’ participation in seed systems. The paper pays particular attention to how or whether these laws recognize farmers as conservers and breeders of crop varieties, and as potential multipliers and providers of seed, through a range of potential means, from traditional exchanges at local levels to commercial sales at a national or even regional scale. Ultimately, we identified and analysed combinations of national policies, legislation, regulations and executive decrees regulating the seed sector in 35 African countries.

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