It is estimated that around 152 million children worldwide are involved in hazardous work that is harmful or interferes with their schooling. Child labour can have a number of short- and long-term effects on the wellbeing of a child, as well as a negative impact on local and national economies.
Despite recent efforts to identify and address child labour, companies still have a high risk of unintentionally contributing to the use of child labor, especially in the cocoa sector, which largely depends on small farming households. This is partly due to a lack understanding of the causes of child labour, which are diverse and specific to every case. Furthermore, identifying cases of child labour can be extremely difficult, especially in chains with many small-scale farmers, such as the cocoa supply chain. A lack of collaboration and transparency among companies, suppliers, NGOs, national and regional governments also hinder child labour remediation.
 The ILO defines child labour as “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that: is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school prematurely or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work”: https://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang–en/index.htm