Female Faculty and Leadership: Affirmative Action and Gender Equality in 13 Universities in Ethiopia
The Educational Sector Development Programme (ESDP) IV has set objectives to strengthen the representation and leadership of women academics in universities. It aims to have by 2015 20% of academic staff to be women and 16 females in top academic positions (university (vice-) president). Affirmative action and women’s rights are also enshrined in the Ethiopian Constitution. Women have indeed entered the universities over the past decades; progress on gender balance in academic positions and university management is however below target. This assessment looks
at the actual status in 13 universities, and identifies challenges of female faculty.