Sexual & Gender-Based Violence in Mining in Africa



This study offers a thorough review of the evidence around Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) in the mining sector in sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular focus on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda.

Whilst SGBV can be experienced by anyone, this paper predominantly explores the experiences of women. Notably, it adopts an analytical framework examining manifestations of SGBV in women’s different roles or domains in relation to the mining sector: as Large-scale mining (LSM) employees, as Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) workers, as community members and as advocates and activists. The study’s objectives are to explore the intersection between SGBV and the mining sector in sub-Saharan Africa; present current evidence on forms, drivers and prevalence of SGBV related to the mining sector; analyse current law, policy and practice relating to SGBV and mining; and offer recommendations aimed at addressing SGBV in the mining sector, through a thorough desk review, augmented by a series of key informant interviews.