Access to foundation seed of varieties in the public domain

Working Paper Series 2017 – 5



The production and delivery of early generation seed (i.e.breeder and foundation seed) is a key bottleneck in the performance of seed value chains in sub-Saharan Africa (ISSD Africa, 2015). Seed producers are failing to satisfy an estimated demand for seed of public varieties, due to insufficient access to foundation seed (also referred to as basic seed) of these varieties. The focus of this study is on the relationship between private seed producers and public suppliers of varieties in the seed value chains, with regard to foundation seed production.