Publications

  • Sector policy review tool

    The Sector Policy Review Tool offers a kit for involving important stakeholders more directly in reviewing health sector development, including specific programmes or areas within the health sector. It is made up of an introduction and several modules that guide different aspects of the review process. This booklet contains the introduction to how to use the SPR Tool using Module 1 as an example. It is available in English and French.

    Authors
    B. Schreuder, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 718_SPR-Tool
  • Dynamiser la santé communale

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, D. Bagayoko, D. Dao, E. Lodenstein, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Prevention of leprosy using rifampicin as chemoprophylaxis.

    Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Multidrug treatment (MDT) was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1982 and was seen as an instrument for the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem, defined as a national prevalence less than 1/10,000. However, even after 20 years of MDT, case detection rates (CDRs) are not decreasing, indicating that patients are probably not the only source of transmission; subclinically infected persons and contacts of patients have also been implicated.Therefore, it is necessary to examine interventions which include these groups of potentially infectious persons.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, B.H.B. Benthem, S.M. van Beers, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download prevention
  • Can land registration serve poor and marginalised groups?

    This research examines the current processes of land rights registration in Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique and assesses their outcomes for vulnerable groups. It shows that land registration is not inherently anti-poor. The distributional consequences of land registration depend on the design of the registration process and of the institutions responsible for its management. It is important to design land registration systems that secure the land rights of marginalised groups in specific geographic and historical contexts, rather than adopting blueprint solutions based on Western models.

    Authors
    N. Kanji, L Cotula, T. Hilhorst, C Toulmin, W Witten
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download can-land-registration
  • Decentralisation and gender equity in South Asia

    Decentralisation, in its simplest definition, is a form of governance that transfers authority and responsibility from central to intermediate and local governments (ODI 2002). In much of the development literature decentralisation of government has been treated as a technical exercise involving administrative and institutional reform to improve performance and planning and to make allocative decisions efficient and transparent. The idea of decentralisation is linked to subsidiarity which means that what can be done efficiently and effectively at the lowest level of government should be done at that level and not at higher levels (Issac 2000). Economists justify decentralisation on the grounds of allocative efficiency, enhanced policy responsiveness and effectiveness especially of poverty reduction programmes. The assumption is that because decisions are being taken in a local constituency citizens will have more control over decisions taken and it will reflect their preferences.

    Authors
    M. Mukhopadhyay
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 824_MM-Asia-decen-IDRC2005
  • Community driven development: toolkit for national stocktaking and review

    O objectivo geral para as actividades do triplo A (AAA: Analytical and Advisory Activities) é de reforçar e consolidar a capacidade das equipas nacionais (do Banco Mundial) e dos parceiros clientes para integração estratégica e sistémica da abordagem de CDD nos estratégias programas nacionais para a redução da pobreza. AAA esta ligado a demanda especifica da Conferencia de CDD de Burkina Faso para apoio adicional do Banco para incorporar de CDD nos programas gerais. AAA também for desenhado para atingir directamente um dos ‘benchmarks’ chaves do Quadro Estratégico do Banco para África, que é que a CDD será integrada nas estratégias nacionais baseado no quadro melhorado de resultados e na integração de CDD e apoio macro na estratégia de anti-shock. O quadro de analises e planificação para atingir este ‘benchmark’ agora não existe, e o objectivo desta AAA é ortanto de desenvolver, avaliar e disseminar este quadro.

    Authors
    G. Baltissen, W. Heemskerk
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 828_johnl_cdd_port
  • The Chilean miracle

    “The good Latin-American citizen, a friend of freedom,” enthused President George W. Bush on a state visit to Chile, November 21st, 2004 (El Mercurio, 22-11-2004). “Chile is an incredible country – the Chileans are a people of good heart that treasure freedom and democracy and understand the importance of economic freedom.” Bush’s message was remarkably similar to that of his father, George H.W. Bush, who fourteen years earlier, also on visit to Chile as President of the United States, had called Chile “an economic model for countries of the region and in the world” and “an example of how the transition to democracy ought to take place” (El Mercurio, 7-12-1990).

    Authors
    L. Peppelenbos
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 865_PhD-Peppelenbos-final
  • Venture Capital and Private Equity for Development Index

    Authors
    NCDO, T. Sanders,
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Implications of HIV/AIDS for humanitarian work in the water and sanitation sector

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, E. Kamminga
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
  • Integrating environmental and economic accounting at the farm level

    Where farm record-keeping exists to calculate farm-household income, it commonly considers only financial accounts. Awareness of resource degradation or improvement calls urgently for a better understanding of the interrelations between environmental and socio-economic aspects in decision-making. Integrating calculations on resources deterioration/restitution in the financial accounts will help to determine differentiated productivity and efficiency of farming activities according to the applied technologies. Extended production cost and benefit calculations permit the formulation of technical recommendations that integrate economic and environmental factors in a clear and simple way for use by decision-makers and agricultural producers. Such recommendations should provide insights to farmers on how to improve, or at least to maintain resource availability and capability, making their livelihoods sustainable.

    Authors
    FAO, E. Montville Oro
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 866_main_book
  • Impact of AIDS on rural livelihoods in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for policymakers

    Nigeria is in the grip of a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic with Benue State recording one of the highest State level infection rates: 13.5% in 2001, which will have a devastating impact on individual lives and livelihoods.

    HIV/AIDS is not the only crisis that rural people have to deal with. The downturn in the Nigerian economy is also hitting Benue State. Public investment in infrastructure, water, health, and education facilities is limited, resulting in poor basic service delivery. The economy in Benue mostly depends on agriculture, spin-off activities such as processing, trading and casual labour, and migration. Farming is under stress due to worsening terms of trade, and input markets that are not functioning well. Over the past decade, farming has actually become more labour-intensive per unit of harvest, a development that increases the vulnerability to shocks

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, M. J. van Liere, K. de Koning
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 633_Impact-of-AIDS-on-rural-livelihoods-Benue-State
  • Water supply, sanitation, hygiene and HIV/AIDS: the unrecognized links

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, E. Kamminga
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
  • Towards pro-poor health planning in the context of macroeconomics and health

    Over the past years, poverty reduction has been explicitly driving the development agenda. In 1999, World Bank and the IMF agreed that nationally owned participatory poverty reduction strategies should provide the basis for all concessional lending and for debt relief under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. The Poverty Reducation Strategy Papers (PRSPs) put this approach into effect and describe a country’s macroeconomic, structural, and social policies and programs to promote economic growth and poverty

    Authors
    M. Paalman
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 711_Nepal-Case-Study-WHO
  • Sexual torture of men in Croatia and other conflict situations: an open secret

    Abstract: Sexual torture constitutes any act of sexual violence which qualifies as torture. Public awareness of the widespread use of sexual torture as a weapon of war greatly increased after the war in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Sexual torture has serious mental, physical and sexual health consequences. Attention to date has focused more on the sexual torture of women than of men, partly due to gender stereotypes. This paper describes the circumstances in which sexual torture occurs, its causes and consequences, and the development of international law addressing it. It presents data from a study in 2000 in Croatia, where the number of men who were sexually tortured appears to have been substantial. Based on in-depth interviews with 16 health professionals and data from the medical records of three centres providing care to refugees and victims of torture, the study found evidence of rape and other forced sexual acts, full or partial
    castration, genital beatings and electroshock. Few men admit being sexually tortured or seek help, and professionals may fail to recognise cases. Few perpetrators have been prosecuted, mainly due to lack of political will. The silence that envelopes sexual torture of men in the aftermath of the war in Croatia stands in strange contrast to the public nature of the crimes themselves

    Authors
    P. Oosterhoff, P. Zwanikken, E Ketting
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 636_Sexual_Torture_of_Men_in_Croatia_and_Other_Conflict_Situations
  • Economic impact of increased aid flows for HIV/AIDS in developing countries

    “For example, when I hear that countries are choosing to comply with medium-term expenditure ceilings at the expense of adequate funding of AIDS programs, it strikes me that someone isn’t looking hard enough for sound alternatives. And I recognize that such principles of fiscal discipline are in place for good reason, but surely there must be means of accommodating vast new inflows without stirring economic demons.“
    Peter Piot

    Authors
    P. Compernolle
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 712_Background-note-econ-impact-aid
  • Bulletin 359 – Searching synergy

    Authors
    G. Alam, J. Belt
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Bulletin 362 – Decentralisation in Mali: putting policy into practice

    In 1992, the government of Mali decided on a policy of reforming the management of public affairs on the basis of decentralisation. Various reasons lay behind this policy option of devolving powers and resources to local government authorities, including the need to deepen the ongoing democratisation process, tackle the problems of local development in a different way, recast the role of the State and promote security and peace. Decentralisation became a reality in 1999, following the organization of the local elections, and resulted in a profound change in the relationship between the State and citizens, while bringing public services closer to the community

    Authors
    S. Diarra, A. Keita, J. Nelen, B. Coulibaly, N. Konaté, R. Ag Mossa, R. Osté, G. Sène, O. Sy , T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 611_sarahs_merge362
  • Mainstreaming gender or ‘streaming’ gender away: feminists marooned in the development business

    This article is about taking stock of experiences of mainstreaming gender. It addresses two related concerns. First, that after three decades of feminist activism in the field of development – both at the level of theory and practice – most development institutions have still to be constantly reminded of the need for gender analysis in their work, policymakers have to be lobbied to “include” the “g” word and even our own colleagues need convincing that integrating a gender analysis makes a qualitative difference. Second, by constantly critiquing their own strategies, feminist advocates have changed their approaches, but institutional change continues to be elusive (except in a few corners).

  • Specific programs and human resources: addressing a key implementation constraint

    This paper explores human resources constraints in health service delivery, especially with regards to specific disease control and provides an inventory of strategies that can be used to overcome constraints. This paper is the edited version of the report on the meeting of the Working Group “Priority Diseases” which is one of the seven working groups of the Joint Learning Initiative currently exploring strategies to address the human resources constraints in health services delivery

  • Gender, citizenship and governance

    Authors
    S.J.R. Cummings, H. van Dam, M. Valk
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version