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Publications

  • The INFIR Cohort Study: investigating prediction, detection and pathogenesis of neuropathy and reactions in leprosy

    Leprosy is feared because of the deformities and disability that it may cause. Successful leprosy treatment should prevent or heal deformities and disabilities. Most of these are secondary complications of impaired of nerve function, often caused by immunological reactions against M. leprae antigens. Unfortunately, people remain at risk of neuropathy resulting from such reactions during and even after successful anti-leprosy treatment

    Authors
    W.H. van Brakel, R.D. Nicholls, P.K. Das, P. Barkataki, S.J. Suneetha, R.S. Jadhav, P. Maddali, D. Lockwood, E. Wilder-Smith, K. V. Desikan
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 853_INFIR-cohort-study
  • Partnership for sustainable leprosy control beyond 2005

    Partnerships have always played an important role in leprosy control. The World Health Organization (WHO) and national and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide a significant supportive function in partnership with national governments. Among the NGOs involved, the members of the Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), The Nippon Foundation, Novartis and the World Bank have played a prominent role. Partnership can be defined as: ‘Inter-organizational relationships involving activities (beyond that which contracts or authority alone would demand) aimed at achieving shared goals based upon close working relationships’. There are more definitions of partnership but they usually include these common themes: commitment to shared objectives; mutuality, equality and open dialogue; sense of trust and respect between the partners; and reciprocal obligations and accountability

    Authors
    P. Feenstra, V. Pannikar
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 854_Partnership-for-sustainable
  • High prevalence of vasomotor reflex impairment in newly diagnosed leprosy patients

    Authors
    X. Illarramendi, S. Buhrer-Sekula, A.M. Sales, M.I. Bakker, M.C. Oliveira, J.A.C. Nery, L. Oskam, A. Wilder-Smith, E.P. Sampaio, E.N. Sarno
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen

    In 1994 ondertekende de Nederlandse regering bilaterale duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen (dovs) met de regeringen van Bhutan, Benin en Costa Rica. Doel was het opbouwen van een nieuw relatiepatroon tussen rijke en arme landen, met mondiale duurzame ontwikkeling als drijfveer. Deze nieuwe samenwerking zou wederkerig, gelijkwaardig en participatief zijn. De vier regeringen verdienen credits voor de moed om dit experiment in beleidsinnovatie te starten.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 857_NIPS-Duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen
  • Genetic, household and spatial clustering of leprosy on an island in Indonesia: a population-based study

    It is generally accepted that genetic factors play a role in susceptibility to both leprosy per se and leprosy type, but only few studies have tempted to quantify this. Estimating the contribution of genetic factors to clustering of leprosy within families is difficult since these persons often share the same environment. The first aim of this study was to test which correlation structure (genetic, household or spatial) gives the best explanation for the distribution of leprosy patients and seropositive persons and second to quantify the role of genetic factors in the occurrence of leprosy and seropositivity.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, L. May, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam, J.J. Houwing-Duistermaat
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
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  • Can land registration serve poor and marginalised groups?

    This research examines the current processes of land rights registration in Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique and assesses their outcomes for vulnerable groups. It shows that land registration is not inherently anti-poor. The distributional consequences of land registration depend on the design of the registration process and of the institutions responsible for its management. It is important to design land registration systems that secure the land rights of marginalised groups in specific geographic and historical contexts, rather than adopting blueprint solutions based on Western models.

    Authors
    N. Kanji, L Cotula, T. Hilhorst, C Toulmin, W Witten
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download can-land-registration
  • The Chilean miracle

    “The good Latin-American citizen, a friend of freedom,” enthused President George W. Bush on a state visit to Chile, November 21st, 2004 (El Mercurio, 22-11-2004). “Chile is an incredible country – the Chileans are a people of good heart that treasure freedom and democracy and understand the importance of economic freedom.” Bush’s message was remarkably similar to that of his father, George H.W. Bush, who fourteen years earlier, also on visit to Chile as President of the United States, had called Chile “an economic model for countries of the region and in the world” and “an example of how the transition to democracy ought to take place” (El Mercurio, 7-12-1990).

    Authors
    L. Peppelenbos
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 865_PhD-Peppelenbos-final
  • Integrating environmental and economic accounting at the farm level

    Where farm record-keeping exists to calculate farm-household income, it commonly considers only financial accounts. Awareness of resource degradation or improvement calls urgently for a better understanding of the interrelations between environmental and socio-economic aspects in decision-making. Integrating calculations on resources deterioration/restitution in the financial accounts will help to determine differentiated productivity and efficiency of farming activities according to the applied technologies. Extended production cost and benefit calculations permit the formulation of technical recommendations that integrate economic and environmental factors in a clear and simple way for use by decision-makers and agricultural producers. Such recommendations should provide insights to farmers on how to improve, or at least to maintain resource availability and capability, making their livelihoods sustainable.

    Authors
    FAO, E. Montville Oro
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 866_main_book
  • Institutional and organisational change in agri-food systems in developing and transitional countries: identifying opportunities for smallholders

    Agri-food systems in developing and transitional countries are restructuring rapidly. Increasingly supermarkets have emerged in developing countries as important retailers, particularly for the high-value products meeting specific consumer demands related to production process and quality (Orden et al., 2004). In Latin America, supermarkets buy 2.5 times more produce from local farmers than the region exports to the rest of the world (Reardon and Berdegue, 2002). Supermarkets have also become a strong growth retail segment in Asia (Hu et al., 2004; Zhang, 2001) and Africa (Neven and Reardon, 2004; Weatherspoon and Reardon, 2003) and Central and Eastern Europe (Dries et al., 2004). The determinants, dynamics and outcomes of retail restructuring in developing and transitional countries are being discussed in detail in the first issue of the Global Issue Paper series of the Regoverning Markets Project (Vorley and Fox, 2004).

    Authors
    D. Boselie, P. van de Kop
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 869_Regov-mkts-Global_issue2_4oct
  • Bulletin 371 – Les premiers pas des communes au Bénin

    La décentralisation est effective au Bénin depuis les élections communales suivi par l’installation des maires en 2003. Les attentes exprimées concernant cette réforme institutionnelle sont considérables et vont bien au-delà d’une simple réorganisation administrative du territoire. La décentralisation vise la promotion de la démocratie locale, son renforcement et son approfondissement. La participation des citoyens à la gestion des affaires publiques devrait favoriser le développement à la base et son adaptation aux réalités du terrain. Enfin, la décentralisation offre la possibilité de répondre au profond besoin de la population en matière de justice sociale et d’équité et de réduire la pauvreté par le partage des fruits de la croissance.

    Authors
    P Langley, A. Mondjanagni, B Fadé, J Gbédo, Z. Adamou, M. Alidou, G. Baltissen, T. Hilhorst
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 877_Bull-371-light-version
  • Building effective local partnerships for improved basic social services delivery in Mali

    Improving public sector performance in service delivery is an absolute necessity for alleviating poverty and improving welfare in Africa. Basic services and infrastructure for providing health care, education, water, sanitation etc. often fail the poor because they are either unavailable, inaccessible, unaffordable, or of poor technical quality or dysfunctional. Poor service delivery may result from inefficiencies or poor decision making by central government, for example a failure to spend budgets for essential services, or not supporting frontline health providers. Governments may have inadequate or poorly trained staff, particularly when budgets are tight or salaries are poor. Moreover, demand for services by poor people may be weak because of travelling distance and logistical constraints, levels of formal education and literacy, cost (direct costs, and transaction costs), cultural factors including restrictions placed on movement, or beliefs restricting the use of western health and maternity care. A weak demand for services like health care will not contribute towards a redesign of service delivery or more investment.

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, D. Bagayoko, D. Dao, E. Lodenstein, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 871_Building-effective-local-partnerships-Mali
  • Risk factors for participation restriction in leprosy and development of a screening tool to identify individuals at risk

    The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health defines participation as involvement in a life situation. Participation restrictions may occur in any life situation across nine areas of activity and participation. These are learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, communication, mobility, self-care, domestic life, inter-personal interactions and relationships, major life areas and community, social and civic life. In the context of leprosy, participation restrictions are recognised as the outworking of the stigmatizing attitudes with which the disease has been associated for generations and the felt stigma or self-stigmatization with which those affected respond.

    Authors
    P. G. Nicholls, Z. Bakirtzief, W.H. van Brakel, R. K. Das-Pattanaya, M. S. Raju, G. Norman, R. K. Mutatkar
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 874_Risk-factors
  • The INFIR Cohort Study: assessment of sensory and motor neuropathy in leprosy at baseline

    Leprosy is known for the neuropathy it causes. Different methods have been used to detect leprosy-related nerve function impairment (NFI).More sophisticated methods for assessing nerve function such as vibrometry, laser Doppler flowmetry and thermal threshold testing have been shown to detect different modalities of leprous neuropathy. However, it is not known which of these testing methods would detect the neuropathy earliest. To determine this, the methods needed to be compared in a carefully planned prospective study.

    Authors
    W.H. van Brakel, P. G. Nicholls, L. Das, P. Barkataki, P. Maddali, D. Lockwood, E. Wilder-Smith
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 873_INFIR-assessment
  • Dynamiser la santé communale

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, D. Bagayoko, D. Dao, E. Lodenstein, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Dealing with the Dutch

    Authors
    Jacob Vossestein
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
  • Gender, citizenship and governance

    Authors
    S.J.R. Cummings, H. van Dam, M. Valk
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Designing and conducting health system research projects

    Authors
    I. Pathmanathan, A. Brownlee, C.M. Varkevisser
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Bulletin 359 – Searching synergy

    Authors
    G. Alam, J. Belt
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Bulletin 358 – La décentralisation au Mali: du discours à la pratique

    Authors
    S. Diarra, A. Keita, J. Nelen, B. Coulibaly, N. Konaté, R. Ag Mossa, R. Osté, G. Sène, O. Sy , T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Bulletin 361 – Faith-based organisations and HIV/AIDS prevention and impact mitigation in Africa

    Authors
    G. Tiendrebeogo, G. Buykx
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    PDF version