Publications

  • How to investigate the use of medicines by consumers

    In developing countries, medicines may account for 30–40% of health expenditure. Many of these payments are made by individuals purchasing medicines for selfmedication and only rarely on prescription. Understanding how and why consumers make the choices they do is the critical fi rst step to intervening to ensure that these precious resources are spent as safely and productively as possible. This manual is a successor to the 1992 WHO publication, How to Investigate Drug Use in Communities, a small but important book that has been reprinted eight times. A year later came How to Investigate Drug Use in Health Facilities. Since then numerous courses have been held and many studies undertaken, with valuable experience gained in understanding the use of medicines in health facilities and communities. This manual’s authors have been leaders in the movement to better understand and improve medicines use in the community

    Authors
    A. Hardon, D. Fresle, C. Hodgkin
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 714_WHO-Consumers
  • Bulletin 358 – La décentralisation au Mali: du discours à la pratique

    Authors
    S. Diarra, A. Keita, J. Nelen, B. Coulibaly, N. Konaté, R. Ag Mossa, R. Osté, G. Sène, O. Sy , T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
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    PDF version
  • Designing and conducting health system research projects

    Authors
    I. Pathmanathan, A. Brownlee, C.M. Varkevisser
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Monitoring the size of the leprosy problem: which epidemiological indicators should we use?

    Authors
    W.H. van Brakel, P. Lever, P. Feenstra
    Year of Publication
    2004
  • Bulletin 361 – Faith-based organisations and HIV/AIDS prevention and impact mitigation in Africa

    Authors
    G. Tiendrebeogo, G. Buykx
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
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  • Techniques and practices for local responses to HIV/AIDS

    In 2001 UNAIDS initiated the development of a toolkit with techniques and practices for AIDS competence in consultation with the UNAIDS Secretariat, with the UN Theme Groups in different countries and members of the UNAIDS Technical Network on Local Responses to HIV/AIDS. The toolkit aims to further strengthen the capacity and competence of different actors to address HIV/AIDS at local level. Experiences worldwide contributed to the identification and selection of practices and techniques for the toolkit and they meant for all with an interest in furthering local responses to HIV/AIDS. The Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in the Netherlands manages the project for UNAIDS.

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 456_Techniques-for-Local-Responses-to-HIVAIDS.EN_
  • Evaluation of the DFID/WHO partnership: Synthesis report

    The KIT/ITAD team was invited to carry out an evaluation of DFID’s partnership with WHO within the context of the ISP and the ISP Action Plan, and as a first example of evaluating DFID’s partnership with other multilateral organisations.

    Authors
    J. Toonen, D. Poate, C. Barnett, M. Paalman, M. Abrial
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 640_DFID-evaluation-651
  • Gender and citizenship

    Authors
    S. Meer, C. Sever, M. Mukhopadhyay
    Year of Publication
    2004
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    PDF version
  • Techniques et pratiques pour les réponses locales face au VIH/SIDA

    Fin 2001, l’ONUSIDA a initié, en consultation avec le Secrétariat de l’ONUSIDA, les Groupes Thématiques des Nations Unies dans différents pays et les responsables du Département Développement de Réseaux Techniques (TND) de l’ONUSIDA, le développement d’un Recueil de Techniques et Pratiques pour le renforcement des Compétences en matière de lutte contre le SIDA. Ce Recueil d’outils a pour but de renforcer la capacité et les compétences des intervenants au niveau local à répondre aux défis posés par l’épidémie liée à l’infection VIH/SIDA.

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 475_Techniques.FR_
  • Economische gevolgen van verhoogde externe financiële middelen voor HIV/AIDS in lage inkomens landen

    Authors
    P. Compernolle
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 643_Achtergrondnotitie-macro-effect
  • Population survey to determine risk factors for Mycobacterium leprae transmission and infection

    Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and is endemic in many developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted the goal of eliminating leprosy as a public health problem by the year 2005, defined as reducing the national prevalence below 1/10 000.1 Until now, the prevalence decreased mainly due to the introduction and subsequent shortening of multidrug treatment (MDT). Leprosy control strategies are designed to stop transmission through early case detection and treatment with MDT, but do not seem to have the desired effect. The number of new cases—719 330 in 20002—did not decline over the last 15 years, indicating that transmission is continuing at the same level.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, William R. Faber (ed.), S.M. van Beers, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download Population survey to determine risk factors for Mycobacterium leprae transmission and infection
  • Técnicas e práticas para dar respostas localmente apropriadas ao HIV/AIDS

    No ano 2001, a UNAIDS deu início ao desenvolvimento de uma ‘caixa de ferramentas’ contendo um conjunto de técnicas e práticas para a capacitação na área de AIDS, em um esforço conjunto entre a Secretaria da UNAIDS, com os Grupos Temáticos das Nações Unidas em diferentes países e membros da Rede Técnica da UNAIDS para Repostas Localmente Apropriadas para HIV/AIDS

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 476_Techniques.PO_
  • Creating voice and carving space

    Authors
    M. Mukhopadhyay, S. Meer
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 646_2111.bw_.CreatingVoice
  • An Approach to Understanding the Transmissionof Mycobacterium leprae Using Molecular and Immunological Methods: Results from the MILEP2 Study

    Important developments have taken place over the past decade in tackling the global leprosy burden. There has been a very significant reduction of over 90% in the total number of leprosy patients registered for treatment through the implementation of multidrug therapy regimes that have dramatically reduced the duration of treatment. However, despite this reduction in registered prevalence of leprosy, there has been no parallel reduction in the global case detection. This is a serious barrier to aspirations to eradicate leprosy in the future.

    Authors
    W.C.S. Smith, C.M. Smith, I.A. Cree, R.S. Jadhav, M. Macdonald, V.K. Edward, L. Oskam, S.M. van Beers, P.R. Klatser
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
  • Bulletin 357 – Financer la décentralisation rurale

    Dans plusieurs pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest, les gouvernements ont pris l’engagement politique de lancer ou d’approfondir le processus de décentralisation afin, notamment, d’accroître la démocratie locale, de rapprocher les services publics des populations et de promouvoir le développement local. La décentralisation est un processus complexe et de longue haleine qui va bien au-delà d’un réaménagement du territoire. L’Etat doit assurer un transfert effectif des compétences et des ressources financières et soutenir le renforcement des capacités locales de gouvernance et de gestion. La réussite de la décentralisation dépend d’une part de la volonté politique de redéfinir les relations entre l’Etat central et les collectivités territoriales, d’autre part de l’adhésion de la population. Bien que légales, les nouvelles collectivités, surtout les communes, doivent encore acquérir une légitimité auprès de la population

    Authors
    N. Bako-Arifari, A. B. Dicko, M. Doevenspeck, B. W. Sanou, U. Singer, T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 602_sarahs_merge357
  • NIRP 19: Rural development and fertility changes in the Côte d’Ivoire

    Authors
    A, Kouamé, J. Schellekens, A. Bosch
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • ‘3 by 5’ – What are the implications?

    “There has never been such an overwhelming move to increase access to medicines in such a short period”. In one sentence, a conference speaker had given participants a view of the magnitude of the debate that conference organizers, KIT, Share-Net and Aids Fonds, ignited when they asked: “3 by 5: what are the implications?” The HIV/AIDS pandemic had been put in the right dramatic context without using dramatic effects. But by referring to the history of public health care, the speaker went beyond the limitations of the conference question, suggesting that traditional approaches will be far from sufficient to address the problem of HIV/AIDS.

    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 645_sarahs_3by5
  • Dealing with the Dutch

    Authors
    Jacob Vossestein
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
  • Tuberculosis services in partnership

    Tuberculosis is still one of the major public health problems in the world. Countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region have been working hard for several years to promote directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) and reach the regional target of DOTS ALL OVER. As a result, 18 out of 22 countries in the Region have already achieved DOTS ALL OVER. Somalia and Yemen are in the final stage of achieving this target, whilst Pakistan and Afghanistan, currently at 45% and 35% DOTS coverage respectively, are making progress towards achieving DOTS ALL OVER.

    Authors
    A. Vassall, E. Elmoghazy, A. Galal, M.V. Cleeff
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 596_Tuberculosis-Egypt
  • Bulletin 360 – International sustainable chain development

    Sustainable chain management maps out the economic, ecological and social effects that occur during the life cycle of a product and focuses on measures that improve the sustainability.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 497_bw.-B-360-NIPS-Final