Publications

  • Gender and citizenship

    Authors
    S. Meer, C. Sever, M. Mukhopadhyay
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Water supply, sanitation, hygiene and HIV/AIDS: the unrecognized links

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, E. Kamminga
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
  • Monitoring the size of the leprosy problem: which epidemiological indicators should we use?

    Authors
    W.H. van Brakel, P. Lever, P. Feenstra
    Year of Publication
    2004
  • Techniques and practices for local responses to HIV/AIDS

    In 2001 UNAIDS initiated the development of a toolkit with techniques and practices for AIDS competence in consultation with the UNAIDS Secretariat, with the UN Theme Groups in different countries and members of the UNAIDS Technical Network on Local Responses to HIV/AIDS. The toolkit aims to further strengthen the capacity and competence of different actors to address HIV/AIDS at local level. Experiences worldwide contributed to the identification and selection of practices and techniques for the toolkit and they meant for all with an interest in furthering local responses to HIV/AIDS. The Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in the Netherlands manages the project for UNAIDS.

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 456_Techniques-for-Local-Responses-to-HIVAIDS.EN_
  • Bulletin 357 – Financer la décentralisation rurale

    Dans plusieurs pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest, les gouvernements ont pris l’engagement politique de lancer ou d’approfondir le processus de décentralisation afin, notamment, d’accroître la démocratie locale, de rapprocher les services publics des populations et de promouvoir le développement local. La décentralisation est un processus complexe et de longue haleine qui va bien au-delà d’un réaménagement du territoire. L’Etat doit assurer un transfert effectif des compétences et des ressources financières et soutenir le renforcement des capacités locales de gouvernance et de gestion. La réussite de la décentralisation dépend d’une part de la volonté politique de redéfinir les relations entre l’Etat central et les collectivités territoriales, d’autre part de l’adhésion de la population. Bien que légales, les nouvelles collectivités, surtout les communes, doivent encore acquérir une légitimité auprès de la population

    Authors
    N. Bako-Arifari, A. B. Dicko, M. Doevenspeck, B. W. Sanou, U. Singer, T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 602_sarahs_merge357
  • Bulletin 360 – International sustainable chain development

    Sustainable chain management maps out the economic, ecological and social effects that occur during the life cycle of a product and focuses on measures that improve the sustainability.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 497_bw.-B-360-NIPS-Final
  • Techniques et pratiques pour les réponses locales face au VIH/SIDA

    Fin 2001, l’ONUSIDA a initié, en consultation avec le Secrétariat de l’ONUSIDA, les Groupes Thématiques des Nations Unies dans différents pays et les responsables du Département Développement de Réseaux Techniques (TND) de l’ONUSIDA, le développement d’un Recueil de Techniques et Pratiques pour le renforcement des Compétences en matière de lutte contre le SIDA. Ce Recueil d’outils a pour but de renforcer la capacité et les compétences des intervenants au niveau local à répondre aux défis posés par l’épidémie liée à l’infection VIH/SIDA.

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 475_Techniques.FR_
  • Técnicas e práticas para dar respostas localmente apropriadas ao HIV/AIDS

    No ano 2001, a UNAIDS deu início ao desenvolvimento de uma ‘caixa de ferramentas’ contendo um conjunto de técnicas e práticas para a capacitação na área de AIDS, em um esforço conjunto entre a Secretaria da UNAIDS, com os Grupos Temáticos das Nações Unidas em diferentes países e membros da Rede Técnica da UNAIDS para Repostas Localmente Apropriadas para HIV/AIDS

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, G. Tiendrebeogo
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 476_Techniques.PO_
  • Improving reproductive health care within the context of district health services

    This manual is an action-oriented document which will facilitate improved coverage and quality of SRH services. Its main target audience are those individuals, alone or as part of the district health management team (DHMT), who have responsibility for the planning and management of sexual and reproductive health/ primary health care services in the district.

    Authors
    I. Reerink, B. Campbell
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 519_bw.-SRH-Final
  • Tuberculosis services in partnership

    Tuberculosis is still one of the major public health problems in the world. Countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region have been working hard for several years to promote directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) and reach the regional target of DOTS ALL OVER. As a result, 18 out of 22 countries in the Region have already achieved DOTS ALL OVER. Somalia and Yemen are in the final stage of achieving this target, whilst Pakistan and Afghanistan, currently at 45% and 35% DOTS coverage respectively, are making progress towards achieving DOTS ALL OVER.

    Authors
    A. Vassall, E. Elmoghazy, A. Galal, M.V. Cleeff
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 596_Tuberculosis-Egypt
  • Bulletin 362 – Decentralisation in Mali: putting policy into practice

    In 1992, the government of Mali decided on a policy of reforming the management of public affairs on the basis of decentralisation. Various reasons lay behind this policy option of devolving powers and resources to local government authorities, including the need to deepen the ongoing democratisation process, tackle the problems of local development in a different way, recast the role of the State and promote security and peace. Decentralisation became a reality in 1999, following the organization of the local elections, and resulted in a profound change in the relationship between the State and citizens, while bringing public services closer to the community

    Authors
    S. Diarra, A. Keita, J. Nelen, B. Coulibaly, N. Konaté, R. Ag Mossa, R. Osté, G. Sène, O. Sy , T. Hilhorst, G. Baltissen
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 611_sarahs_merge362
  • Specific programs and human resources: addressing a key implementation constraint

    This paper explores human resources constraints in health service delivery, especially with regards to specific disease control and provides an inventory of strategies that can be used to overcome constraints. This paper is the edited version of the report on the meeting of the Working Group “Priority Diseases” which is one of the seven working groups of the Joint Learning Initiative currently exploring strategies to address the human resources constraints in health services delivery

  • NIRP 19: Rural development and fertility changes in the Côte d’Ivoire

    Authors
    A, Kouamé, J. Schellekens, A. Bosch
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • NIRP 20: Development of a culturally-sensitive psychiatric screening instrument for Ethiopian populations

    Recognising inter-cultural differences in the way people experience and express emotional problems and the difficulties that consequently may arise in properly diagnosing mental health problems, this study seeks to develop and validate a tool for screening psychiatric disorders in Ethiopian populations. The study was carried out in Ethiopia as well as among Ethiopian Jews in Israel, among groups at different levels of exposure to western medicine. It was a collaborative effort between researchers from Israel, Ethiopia and the Netherlands.

    Authors
    N. Zilber, R. Youngmann, F. Workneh, R. Giel
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 629_NIRP20
  • NIRP 21: Sexual attitude and behaviour among adolescents in Zambia

    This study encompasses the results of a comprehensive survey among different groups of Zambian adolescents concerning sexual behaviour and attitudes which affect the risk of HIV infection and AIDS. It deals with the factors that influence the youngsters’ knowledge about AIDS, their perceptions with regard to prevention and their engagement in risky sexual activities. The study was carried out by a team of Israeli and Zambian researchers between 1997 and 2002.

    Authors
    V. Slonim-Nevo, L. Mukuka
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 630_NIRP21
  • Impact of AIDS on rural livelihoods in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for policymakers

    Nigeria is in the grip of a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic with Benue State recording one of the highest State level infection rates: 13.5% in 2001, which will have a devastating impact on individual lives and livelihoods.

    HIV/AIDS is not the only crisis that rural people have to deal with. The downturn in the Nigerian economy is also hitting Benue State. Public investment in infrastructure, water, health, and education facilities is limited, resulting in poor basic service delivery. The economy in Benue mostly depends on agriculture, spin-off activities such as processing, trading and casual labour, and migration. Farming is under stress due to worsening terms of trade, and input markets that are not functioning well. Over the past decade, farming has actually become more labour-intensive per unit of harvest, a development that increases the vulnerability to shocks

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, M. J. van Liere, K. de Koning
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 633_Impact-of-AIDS-on-rural-livelihoods-Benue-State
  • Sexual torture of men in Croatia and other conflict situations: an open secret

    Abstract: Sexual torture constitutes any act of sexual violence which qualifies as torture. Public awareness of the widespread use of sexual torture as a weapon of war greatly increased after the war in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Sexual torture has serious mental, physical and sexual health consequences. Attention to date has focused more on the sexual torture of women than of men, partly due to gender stereotypes. This paper describes the circumstances in which sexual torture occurs, its causes and consequences, and the development of international law addressing it. It presents data from a study in 2000 in Croatia, where the number of men who were sexually tortured appears to have been substantial. Based on in-depth interviews with 16 health professionals and data from the medical records of three centres providing care to refugees and victims of torture, the study found evidence of rape and other forced sexual acts, full or partial
    castration, genital beatings and electroshock. Few men admit being sexually tortured or seek help, and professionals may fail to recognise cases. Few perpetrators have been prosecuted, mainly due to lack of political will. The silence that envelopes sexual torture of men in the aftermath of the war in Croatia stands in strange contrast to the public nature of the crimes themselves

    Authors
    P. Oosterhoff, P. Zwanikken, E Ketting
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 636_Sexual_Torture_of_Men_in_Croatia_and_Other_Conflict_Situations
  • Evaluation of the DFID/WHO partnership: Synthesis report

    The KIT/ITAD team was invited to carry out an evaluation of DFID’s partnership with WHO within the context of the ISP and the ISP Action Plan, and as a first example of evaluating DFID’s partnership with other multilateral organisations.

    Authors
    J. Toonen, D. Poate, C. Barnett, M. Paalman, M. Abrial
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 640_DFID-evaluation-651
  • Economische gevolgen van verhoogde externe financiële middelen voor HIV/AIDS in lage inkomens landen

    Authors
    P. Compernolle
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 643_Achtergrondnotitie-macro-effect
  • Creating voice and carving space

    Authors
    M. Mukhopadhyay, S. Meer
    Year of Publication
    2004
    Downloads
    Download 646_2111.bw_.CreatingVoice