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Publications

  • Gender and health: policy and practice

    The growing strength of the women’s movement in the 1960s and 1970s challenged the ‘medicalization’ of women’s bodies and the medical construction of woman’s health needs as distinct from women’s own experiences and priorities (Boston Women’s Health Book Collective 1992). The women’s movement questioned the fallacy that males, as doctors or partners, knew better or more about women’s bodies than women did. Women articulated felt experiences of mental, physical, reproductive and sexual health needs. Analysing their experiences with reference to the social, political and economic forces that shaped health, women explored the connections between race, class and gender based oppression as they affected the health of women.

    Authors
    Anke van der Kwaak, M. Wegelin-Schuringa
    Year of Publication
    2006
    Downloads
    Download 923_Gender-and-Health-nw
  • From access to adherence: the challenges of antiretroviral treatment

    The devastating impact of AIDS in the world – especially in sub‐Saharan Africa ‐ has led to an unprecedented global effort to ensure access to antiretroviral (ARV) medicines to treat the disease in every country where HIV is a threat. While the World Health Organization (WHO) goal of ensuring access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) for 3 million people by end‐2005 was not achieved, an estimated 1.3 million people who would not otherwise have been treated now have access to ART. This book is a
    testament to the early treatment successes and the hidden challenges of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource‐poor settings. It is also a wake‐up call to the risk of treatment failure and the development of widespread ARV resistance unless all patients are given the continuing support they need to achieve full adherence to ARVs. AIDS is particularly challenging because of the need to achieve very high (at least 95%) levels of adherence to prevent treatment failure and the generation of ARV‐resistant virus.

    Authors
    A. Hardon, S. Davey, T. Gerrits, C. Hodgkin, H. Irunde, J. Kgatlwana, J. Kinsman, A. Nakiyemba, R. Laing
    Year of Publication
    2006
    Downloads
    Download 932_MULTICOUNTRY-with-cover
  • Démystifier la planification

    Authors
    C. G. Weinsou, L. Kpatinvo, S. Slootweg, L. Yocarini, H. Nugteren, G. Baltissen, T. Hilhorst
    Year of Publication
    2006
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Women centred health

    The Women Centered Health Project was an experiment to operionalise the principles of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. The project was aimed at improving the provision of women centered reproductive and sexual health services through the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.

    Authors
    KIT, SAHAJ
    Year of Publication
    2006
    Downloads
    Download 1090_Mens-Report
  • Gender, leprosy and leprosy control

    Authors
    P. Lever, C.M. Varkevisser
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Implications of HIV/AIDS for humanitarian work in the water and sanitation sector

    Authors
    M. Wegelin-Schuringa, E. Kamminga
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
  • Promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants in Uttaranchal, India

    Authors
    G. Alam, P. van de Kop
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
  • Wegwijs in de wereld van de hulp

    Authors
    L Schulpen, B. Klem
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Workers for priorities in health

    Disease- or health-determinant specific programmes are important components of any health agenda. Such programmes respond to specific health threats, whether perceived or real. They are set up because the control of these threats requires a focused approach and interventions. In Low-Income Countries (LICs), however, most of these programmes fall short of their ambition because, for full implementation, human resources for health (HRH) are not, or cannot, be made available (in quantity or in quality) where they are needed most.

    Authors
    G. Elzinga, M. Dieleman, G. Dussault, M. Chowdurhy
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 717_Workers-for-Priorities
  • Sector policy review tool

    The Sector Policy Review Tool offers a kit for involving important stakeholders more directly in reviewing health sector development, including specific programmes or areas within the health sector. It is made up of an introduction and several modules that guide different aspects of the review process. This booklet contains the introduction to how to use the SPR Tool using Module 1 as an example. It is available in English and French.

    Authors
    B. Schreuder, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 718_SPR-Tool
  • Venture Capital and Private Equity for Development Index

    Authors
    NCDO, T. Sanders,
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    PDF version
  • Bulletin 368 – Building social capital for agricultural innovation

    Renewed attention exists for agricultural development in SSA as the engine for rural development. This results in part from the drive for reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 and in particular MDG 1: a 50% reduction of (predominantly rural) poverty in SSA. It is realized that in order to achieve the MDGs, a more effective approach to innovation for agricultural development is needed. The opportunities presented through the World Trade Agreements have led to changing roles of the three main groups of actors (i.e. public, private and civil society), in agricultural service delivery. At the same time, urgent demands for technological innovation have led to important organizational and institutional innovations in the local Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems (AKISs). Decentralization of public administration and deconcentration of service delivery have encouraged empowerment of FGs and farmer organizations in agricultural innovation. Slowly the local innovation system is shifting from a linear ‘Transfer of Technology’ (TOT) process (from research to extension to farmers) to a more systemic partnership-based co-innovation process. FGs and farmer organizations are to play a stronger role at different levels in the national and local innovation systems with a formalized farmer representative role at national and meso-levels.

    Authors
    W. Heemskerk, B. Wennink
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 761_Bull368-Building-web
  • Bulletin 365 – La réciprocité en développement durable

    En 1994, le gouvernement néerlandais signait les Accords de développement Durable avec les gouvernements du Bénin, du Bhoutan et du Costa Rica. Ces accords visaient deux objectifs majeurs : Promouvoir le développement durable et établir de nouveaux schémas de relation entre les pays du Nord et les pays du Sud. Le cœur essentiel des traités est constitué par l’alinéa 1 de l’article 1, qui exprime la mission même de ces accords. Le texte en est le suivant : « Les deux Gouvernements conviennent d’établir entre leurs pays respectifs une coopération de longue durée basée sur l’égalité et la réciprocité ainsi que sur la concertation et l’assistance mutuelle, en vue de promouvoir efficacement un développement durable sous tous ses aspects, avec la participation de tous les groupes sociaux concernés. »

    Authors
    J.J. Kessler, B. Romijn, R. Pistorius
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 762_Bull365-NIPS-web
  • Bulletin 366 – Construire des partenariats de développement durable

    Le Sommet Mondial pour le Développement Durable de 2002 à Johannesburg a introduit « l’émergence d’un glissement entre la valse guindée de la diplomatie traditionnelle et l’improvisation créatrice de partenariats orientés solutions. »1 Au contraire de la précédente Conférence des Nations Unies pour le Développement Durable en 1992 à Rio de Janeiro, les engagements impératifs intergouvernementaux ont été moins mis en avant à Johannesburg et aucun traité majeur n’a été destiné à une (re)négociation. Ceci s’est vu partiellement compensé par les partenariats bénévoles entre ONG, entreprises, gouvernements, communautés locales et organisations internationales. Quelque 280 de ces partenariats ont été enregistrés au SMDD, impliquant une somme de plus de 200 millions de dollars en ressources nouvelles et complémentaires.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen, N. Dorji, Biaou G., L. Abarca
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 763_Bull366-NIPS-web
  • Bulletin 367 – Gestion de filière durable internationale

    La gestion de filière durable englobe les effets économiques, écologiques et
    sociaux qui se produisent au cours du cycle de vie d’un produit et se concentre sur les mesures visant à améliorer la durabilité.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 764_Bull367-NIPS-web
  • Gender and ICTs for development

    Around the world new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have changed the lives of individuals, organizations and indeed, entire nations. No country and few communities are being left untouched by the ‘information society’ and, given the state of recent inter-governmental and multi-stakeholder policy debates, there is still a long way to go before civil rights are entrenched in this new society. This book is a collection of case studies about women and their communities in developing countries and how they have been influenced by ICTs. As this chapter and the following cases explain, ICTs and policies to encourage their development can have profound implications for women and men in terms of employment, education, health, environmental sustainability and community development. Policy is needed to ensure that investment in ICTs contributes to more equitable and sustainable development as these technologies are neither gender-neutral nor irrelevant to the lives of resourcepoor women.

    Authors
    S.J.R. Cummings, H. van Dam, M. Valk
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 820_Gender8
  • Prevention of leprosy using rifampicin as chemoprophylaxis.

    Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Multidrug treatment (MDT) was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1982 and was seen as an instrument for the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem, defined as a national prevalence less than 1/10,000. However, even after 20 years of MDT, case detection rates (CDRs) are not decreasing, indicating that patients are probably not the only source of transmission; subclinically infected persons and contacts of patients have also been implicated.Therefore, it is necessary to examine interventions which include these groups of potentially infectious persons.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, B.H.B. Benthem, S.M. van Beers, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download prevention
  • Decentralisation and gender equity in South Asia

    Decentralisation, in its simplest definition, is a form of governance that transfers authority and responsibility from central to intermediate and local governments (ODI 2002). In much of the development literature decentralisation of government has been treated as a technical exercise involving administrative and institutional reform to improve performance and planning and to make allocative decisions efficient and transparent. The idea of decentralisation is linked to subsidiarity which means that what can be done efficiently and effectively at the lowest level of government should be done at that level and not at higher levels (Issac 2000). Economists justify decentralisation on the grounds of allocative efficiency, enhanced policy responsiveness and effectiveness especially of poverty reduction programmes. The assumption is that because decisions are being taken in a local constituency citizens will have more control over decisions taken and it will reflect their preferences.

    Authors
    M. Mukhopadhyay
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 824_MM-Asia-decen-IDRC2005
  • Community driven development: toolkit for national stocktaking and review

    O objectivo geral para as actividades do triplo A (AAA: Analytical and Advisory Activities) é de reforçar e consolidar a capacidade das equipas nacionais (do Banco Mundial) e dos parceiros clientes para integração estratégica e sistémica da abordagem de CDD nos estratégias programas nacionais para a redução da pobreza. AAA esta ligado a demanda especifica da Conferencia de CDD de Burkina Faso para apoio adicional do Banco para incorporar de CDD nos programas gerais. AAA também for desenhado para atingir directamente um dos ‘benchmarks’ chaves do Quadro Estratégico do Banco para África, que é que a CDD será integrada nas estratégias nacionais baseado no quadro melhorado de resultados e na integração de CDD e apoio macro na estratégia de anti-shock. O quadro de analises e planificação para atingir este ‘benchmark’ agora não existe, e o objectivo desta AAA é ortanto de desenvolver, avaliar e disseminar este quadro.

    Authors
    G. Baltissen, W. Heemskerk
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 828_johnl_cdd_port
  • Resource pack on gender and HIV/AIDS

    The Operational Guide aims to be helpful to people working in the development sector, whether they find themselves in government, international development organisations, NGOs or community organisations. It specifically targets those working in the field of HIV/AIDS, but it also hopes to be of use to development programmers and practitioners in a more general sense

    Authors
    UNAIDS
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 848_Fact-12A