Health pooled fund South Sudan review
Review of a quarterly report from the Health Pooled Fund South Sudan and to provide assistance in reading and commenting.
The Situation of Child Marriage, Teenage Pregnancy, and FGM/C in Sukabumi, Rembang and West Lombok Regencies
2018 Midline Study
This midline study aims to provide insight into the (interrelated) causes and effects of child marriage, teenage pregnancy and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) that are present in the intervention areas of the YES I DO programme in Indonesia. In addition, it aims to provide insight into different pathways of change and unravel why and how the YES I DO intervention’s strategies do or do not contribute towards improved outcomes related to the strategic goals of the programme since the baseline study in 2016.
Beyond Access: Exploring gender-transformative approaches to financial inclusion
Exploring gender-transformative approaches to financial inclusion
A range of current policies and programs target greater inclusion of the poor and marginalized–including women–in financial systems and services. Debate and effort have largely focused on widening access to products and services for these groups. But little is known about whether and how such efforts may be benefiting women, and whether improving access alone is sufficient to transform the underlying social and economic structures that constrain women’s livelihood and business success. This scoping paper explores available evidence on how ‘gender-transformative’ approaches can be integrated with financial inclusion efforts to empower women in the economy. It points to current knowledge gaps, and suggests areas for further research to deepen our understanding and inform policy and practice in this area.
A Spatial Analysis Framework to Monitor and Accelerate Progress towards SDG 3 to End TB in Bangladesh
Global efforts to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2030 (SDG3.3) through improved TB case detection and treatment have not been effective to significantly reduce the global burden of the TB epidemic.
Energy Politics and Gender
Policy makers and scholars often assume gender to be irrelevant in energy politics. However, an increasing body of scholarship and development policies has focused on how gender discrimination has negative effects on women’s access to energy resources and equal contributions to decision-making processes that influence energy issues. This article evaluates four overarching and salient policy and research discourses that frame women’s and men’s positions in benefiting from and participating in decision-making about energy
Development and validation of a predictive ecological model for TB prevalence
Nationally representative tuberculosis (TB) prevalence surveys provide invaluable empirical measurements of TB burden but are a massive and complex undertaking. Therefore, methods that capitalize on data from these surveys are both attractive and imperative. The aim of this study was to use existing TB prevalence estimates to develop and validate an ecological predictive statistical model to indirectly estimate TB prevalence in low- and middle-income countries without survey data.
Champions of Change: Towards gender equality in Traditional Authority Liwonde, Machinga: a baseline study
It is estimated that the prevalence of child marriage among females aged 18-24 in Traditional Authority (TA) Liwonde in Machinga District is 18% while teenage pregnancy prevalence among females aged 20-24 years is at 63%. The prevailing gender inequality in this area constitutes one of the root causes of child marriage and teenage pregnancy. Plan International will implement the “Champions of Change” (CoC) intervention in order to address gender inequality, as part of the YES I DO (YID) programme. Thirty-two facilitators of Champions of Change (FCoC) will be trained and these will lead girls’ and boys’ groups
Global Financing Facility
To provide a short review of the GFF – Global Financing Facility, regarding:
Initiation ceremonies in Traditional Authority Liwonde in Machinga District in Southern Malawi:
What do they look like now and before; and do they influence young people’s behaviour regarding sex and relationships?
The baseline study of the YES I DO (YID) programme found, among other issues, that initiation ceremonies stimulate young people to experiment with sex, leading to teenage pregnancy and consequently (child) marriage. This study was initiated to explore how initiation ceremonies have evolved over the last 30 years and especially how they have impacted on youth sexual and reproductive health behaviour.
Small Producer Organization (SPO) Development, Strengthening and Resilience
Research on Small Producer Organization (SPO) development, strengthening and resilience was commissioned by Fairtrade International to the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in the Netherlands. The study is a qualitative-led mixed-method six country study (Côte d’Ivoire, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico and Peru).
Gender strategy: African Chicken Genetic Gains program
The African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) program is an Africa-wide collaboration led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with diverse stakeholders including universities, national research institutes and private sector partners in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania. ACGG tests and makes available high producing, farmer preferred genotypes that increase smallholder chicken productivity in Africa. ACGG works in partnership with rural communities to test the productivity of improved breeds. ACGG was initiated in 2014 and runs until 2019.
SPARK | Edition 1
This is a short periodical Announcement of Research being done by the Centre of Applied Spatial Epidemiology (Case) team
Typologies of Change: Gender Integration in Agriculture and Food Security Research
A Gender Synthesis of Canadian International Food Security Research Fund Projects
In many respects, agriculture as a sector is ground zero for gender in development theory and practice: agriculture and rural development were Boserup’s empirical base for her 1977 landmark book Women’s Role in Economic Development. Her finding of the inconspicuous absence of the role of women in rural development policy and practice inspired an era of initiatives to integrate women in development. Subsequent critiques of these efforts swerved as an impetus to situate women’s social positionings relative to that of men’s within the wider contexts of development itself.
Summary webinar RH supplies in humanitarian settings
The purpose of this project was to list key messages delivered during the webinar ‘When She Needs it Most: Access to Reproductive Health Supplies in Humanitarian Settings’ co-hosted by The Inter-Agency Working Group for Reproductive Health in Crisis (IAWG) and The Advocacy and Accountability Working Group of the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition (RHSC)
Youth in Agricultural Cooperatives
KIT Royal Tropical Institute, the Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation (WCDI), the Young Professionals for Agricultural Development (YPARD) with the financial support of Food & Business Knowledge Platform recently conducted a research on youth inclusion in agricultural cooperatives. The extensive literature review conducted for this explorative study highlighted knowledge gaps, specifically with regards to the role of youth in agricultural cooperatives. The findings presented in this report take into account gender dynamics at play. The different socio-economic realities amongst young women and men – which are critical in determining how easily and under what conditions they can access key resources, such as knowledge, land, and finance – are also highlighted.
Lessons Learned Synthesis Paper: Gender Integration and the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund
This paper presents an overview of main findings of perspectives and lessons on integrating efficiently and effectively gender in research and development programs. These have been gleaned from the gender synthesis of the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (CIFSRF) undertaken by KIT Royal Tropical Institute
Situation of teenage pregnancy and child marriage among in-school and out-of-school youth in Nampula and Rapale, Mozambique
Executive Summary 2017 Performance study
This report presents the findings of the YES I DO (YID) midline study, conducted in April 2018, in Group Village Head (GHV) Mangamba, Traditional Authority (TA) Liwonde, Machinga District in Malawi. The study aimed to provide insight into the (interrelated) causes and effects of child marriage and teenage pregnancy and the extent to which these causes and effects, and the three problems themselves, were present in TA Liwonde. The study also aimed to provide insight into why and how the YID intervention strategies do or do not contribute towards improved outcomes in sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) for young people, including prevention of child marriage and teenage pregnancy
Gaining insight into the magnitude of and factors influencing child marriage, female genital mutilation/ cutting and teenage pregnancy in Ethiopia
YES I DO. is a strategic alliance of five Dutch organizations which main aim is to enhance the decision making space of young women about if, when and whom to marry as well as if, when and with whom to have children.
Exploring barriers to the use of formal maternal health services and priority areas for action in Sidama zone, southern Ethiopia
In 2015 the maternal mortality ratio for Ethiopia was 353 per 100,000 live births. Large numbers of women do not use maternal health services. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the use of maternal health services at the primary health care unit (PHCU) level in rural communities in Sidama zone, south Ethiopia in order to design quality improvement interventions.
Leadership and Decision-making on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting among the Maasai in Kajiado
Explorative Qualitative Research Report – February 2018
Child marriage, teenage pregnancy and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) are manifestations of deeply rooted gender inequality and social norms, poverty and limited economic perspectives. The factors that hold both FGM/C and child marriage in place are the consolidation of family interests of maintaining honour, enhancing fidelity within marriage and preserving virginity before marriage, the social integration of the girl and family, and financial security in situations of poverty (Boyden et al 2012). Child marriage, teenage pregnancy and FGM/C are interrelated issues that involve high health risks and human rights violations of adolescent girls, and impede socio-economic development in a great number of low- and middle-income countries.