Publications

  • Promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants in Uttaranchal, India

    Authors
    G. Alam, P. van de Kop
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
  • Partnership for sustainable leprosy control beyond 2005

    Partnerships have always played an important role in leprosy control. The World Health Organization (WHO) and national and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide a significant supportive function in partnership with national governments. Among the NGOs involved, the members of the Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), The Nippon Foundation, Novartis and the World Bank have played a prominent role. Partnership can be defined as: ‘Inter-organizational relationships involving activities (beyond that which contracts or authority alone would demand) aimed at achieving shared goals based upon close working relationships’. There are more definitions of partnership but they usually include these common themes: commitment to shared objectives; mutuality, equality and open dialogue; sense of trust and respect between the partners; and reciprocal obligations and accountability

    Authors
    P. Feenstra, V. Pannikar
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 854_Partnership-for-sustainable
  • Building effective local partnerships for improved basic social services delivery in Mali

    Improving public sector performance in service delivery is an absolute necessity for alleviating poverty and improving welfare in Africa. Basic services and infrastructure for providing health care, education, water, sanitation etc. often fail the poor because they are either unavailable, inaccessible, unaffordable, or of poor technical quality or dysfunctional. Poor service delivery may result from inefficiencies or poor decision making by central government, for example a failure to spend budgets for essential services, or not supporting frontline health providers. Governments may have inadequate or poorly trained staff, particularly when budgets are tight or salaries are poor. Moreover, demand for services by poor people may be weak because of travelling distance and logistical constraints, levels of formal education and literacy, cost (direct costs, and transaction costs), cultural factors including restrictions placed on movement, or beliefs restricting the use of western health and maternity care. A weak demand for services like health care will not contribute towards a redesign of service delivery or more investment.

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, D. Bagayoko, D. Dao, E. Lodenstein, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 871_Building-effective-local-partnerships-Mali
  • Bulletin 366 – Construire des partenariats de développement durable

    Le Sommet Mondial pour le Développement Durable de 2002 à Johannesburg a introduit « l’émergence d’un glissement entre la valse guindée de la diplomatie traditionnelle et l’improvisation créatrice de partenariats orientés solutions. »1 Au contraire de la précédente Conférence des Nations Unies pour le Développement Durable en 1992 à Rio de Janeiro, les engagements impératifs intergouvernementaux ont été moins mis en avant à Johannesburg et aucun traité majeur n’a été destiné à une (re)négociation. Ceci s’est vu partiellement compensé par les partenariats bénévoles entre ONG, entreprises, gouvernements, communautés locales et organisations internationales. Quelque 280 de ces partenariats ont été enregistrés au SMDD, impliquant une somme de plus de 200 millions de dollars en ressources nouvelles et complémentaires.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen, N. Dorji, Biaou G., L. Abarca
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 763_Bull366-NIPS-web
  • High prevalence of vasomotor reflex impairment in newly diagnosed leprosy patients

    Authors
    X. Illarramendi, S. Buhrer-Sekula, A.M. Sales, M.I. Bakker, M.C. Oliveira, J.A.C. Nery, L. Oskam, A. Wilder-Smith, E.P. Sampaio, E.N. Sarno
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Risk factors for participation restriction in leprosy and development of a screening tool to identify individuals at risk

    The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health defines participation as involvement in a life situation. Participation restrictions may occur in any life situation across nine areas of activity and participation. These are learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, communication, mobility, self-care, domestic life, inter-personal interactions and relationships, major life areas and community, social and civic life. In the context of leprosy, participation restrictions are recognised as the outworking of the stigmatizing attitudes with which the disease has been associated for generations and the felt stigma or self-stigmatization with which those affected respond.

    Authors
    P. G. Nicholls, Z. Bakirtzief, W.H. van Brakel, R. K. Das-Pattanaya, M. S. Raju, G. Norman, R. K. Mutatkar
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 874_Risk-factors
  • Bulletin 367 – Gestion de filière durable internationale

    La gestion de filière durable englobe les effets économiques, écologiques et
    sociaux qui se produisent au cours du cycle de vie d’un produit et se concentre sur les mesures visant à améliorer la durabilité.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 764_Bull367-NIPS-web
  • Wegwijs in de wereld van de hulp

    Authors
    L Schulpen, B. Klem
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen

    In 1994 ondertekende de Nederlandse regering bilaterale duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen (dovs) met de regeringen van Bhutan, Benin en Costa Rica. Doel was het opbouwen van een nieuw relatiepatroon tussen rijke en arme landen, met mondiale duurzame ontwikkeling als drijfveer. Deze nieuwe samenwerking zou wederkerig, gelijkwaardig en participatief zijn. De vier regeringen verdienen credits voor de moed om dit experiment in beleidsinnovatie te starten.

    Authors
    H. Verhagen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 857_NIPS-Duurzame-ontwikkelingsverdragen
  • Workers for priorities in health

    Disease- or health-determinant specific programmes are important components of any health agenda. Such programmes respond to specific health threats, whether perceived or real. They are set up because the control of these threats requires a focused approach and interventions. In Low-Income Countries (LICs), however, most of these programmes fall short of their ambition because, for full implementation, human resources for health (HRH) are not, or cannot, be made available (in quantity or in quality) where they are needed most.

    Authors
    G. Elzinga, M. Dieleman, G. Dussault, M. Chowdurhy
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 717_Workers-for-Priorities
  • The INFIR Cohort Study: assessment of sensory and motor neuropathy in leprosy at baseline

    Leprosy is known for the neuropathy it causes. Different methods have been used to detect leprosy-related nerve function impairment (NFI).More sophisticated methods for assessing nerve function such as vibrometry, laser Doppler flowmetry and thermal threshold testing have been shown to detect different modalities of leprous neuropathy. However, it is not known which of these testing methods would detect the neuropathy earliest. To determine this, the methods needed to be compared in a carefully planned prospective study.

    Authors
    W.H. van Brakel, P. G. Nicholls, L. Das, P. Barkataki, P. Maddali, D. Lockwood, E. Wilder-Smith
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 873_INFIR-assessment
  • Gender and ICTs for development

    Around the world new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have changed the lives of individuals, organizations and indeed, entire nations. No country and few communities are being left untouched by the ‘information society’ and, given the state of recent inter-governmental and multi-stakeholder policy debates, there is still a long way to go before civil rights are entrenched in this new society. This book is a collection of case studies about women and their communities in developing countries and how they have been influenced by ICTs. As this chapter and the following cases explain, ICTs and policies to encourage their development can have profound implications for women and men in terms of employment, education, health, environmental sustainability and community development. Policy is needed to ensure that investment in ICTs contributes to more equitable and sustainable development as these technologies are neither gender-neutral nor irrelevant to the lives of resourcepoor women.

    Authors
    S.J.R. Cummings, H. van Dam, M. Valk
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
    Download 820_Gender8
  • Genetic, household and spatial clustering of leprosy on an island in Indonesia: a population-based study

    It is generally accepted that genetic factors play a role in susceptibility to both leprosy per se and leprosy type, but only few studies have tempted to quantify this. Estimating the contribution of genetic factors to clustering of leprosy within families is difficult since these persons often share the same environment. The first aim of this study was to test which correlation structure (genetic, household or spatial) gives the best explanation for the distribution of leprosy patients and seropositive persons and second to quantify the role of genetic factors in the occurrence of leprosy and seropositivity.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, L. May, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam, J.J. Houwing-Duistermaat
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Links
    Downloads
  • Sector policy review tool

    The Sector Policy Review Tool offers a kit for involving important stakeholders more directly in reviewing health sector development, including specific programmes or areas within the health sector. It is made up of an introduction and several modules that guide different aspects of the review process. This booklet contains the introduction to how to use the SPR Tool using Module 1 as an example. It is available in English and French.

    Authors
    B. Schreuder, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 718_SPR-Tool
  • Dynamiser la santé communale

    Authors
    T. Hilhorst, D. Bagayoko, D. Dao, E. Lodenstein, J. Toonen
    Year of Publication
    2005
  • Prevention of leprosy using rifampicin as chemoprophylaxis.

    Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Multidrug treatment (MDT) was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1982 and was seen as an instrument for the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem, defined as a national prevalence less than 1/10,000. However, even after 20 years of MDT, case detection rates (CDRs) are not decreasing, indicating that patients are probably not the only source of transmission; subclinically infected persons and contacts of patients have also been implicated.Therefore, it is necessary to examine interventions which include these groups of potentially infectious persons.

    Authors
    M.I. Bakker, M. Hatta, A. Kwenang, B.H.B. Benthem, S.M. van Beers, P.R. Klatser, L. Oskam
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download prevention
  • Can land registration serve poor and marginalised groups?

    This research examines the current processes of land rights registration in Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique and assesses their outcomes for vulnerable groups. It shows that land registration is not inherently anti-poor. The distributional consequences of land registration depend on the design of the registration process and of the institutions responsible for its management. It is important to design land registration systems that secure the land rights of marginalised groups in specific geographic and historical contexts, rather than adopting blueprint solutions based on Western models.

    Authors
    N. Kanji, L Cotula, T. Hilhorst, C Toulmin, W Witten
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download can-land-registration
  • Decentralisation and gender equity in South Asia

    Decentralisation, in its simplest definition, is a form of governance that transfers authority and responsibility from central to intermediate and local governments (ODI 2002). In much of the development literature decentralisation of government has been treated as a technical exercise involving administrative and institutional reform to improve performance and planning and to make allocative decisions efficient and transparent. The idea of decentralisation is linked to subsidiarity which means that what can be done efficiently and effectively at the lowest level of government should be done at that level and not at higher levels (Issac 2000). Economists justify decentralisation on the grounds of allocative efficiency, enhanced policy responsiveness and effectiveness especially of poverty reduction programmes. The assumption is that because decisions are being taken in a local constituency citizens will have more control over decisions taken and it will reflect their preferences.

    Authors
    M. Mukhopadhyay
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 824_MM-Asia-decen-IDRC2005
  • Community driven development: toolkit for national stocktaking and review

    O objectivo geral para as actividades do triplo A (AAA: Analytical and Advisory Activities) é de reforçar e consolidar a capacidade das equipas nacionais (do Banco Mundial) e dos parceiros clientes para integração estratégica e sistémica da abordagem de CDD nos estratégias programas nacionais para a redução da pobreza. AAA esta ligado a demanda especifica da Conferencia de CDD de Burkina Faso para apoio adicional do Banco para incorporar de CDD nos programas gerais. AAA também for desenhado para atingir directamente um dos ‘benchmarks’ chaves do Quadro Estratégico do Banco para África, que é que a CDD será integrada nas estratégias nacionais baseado no quadro melhorado de resultados e na integração de CDD e apoio macro na estratégia de anti-shock. O quadro de analises e planificação para atingir este ‘benchmark’ agora não existe, e o objectivo desta AAA é ortanto de desenvolver, avaliar e disseminar este quadro.

    Authors
    G. Baltissen, W. Heemskerk
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 828_johnl_cdd_port
  • The Chilean miracle

    “The good Latin-American citizen, a friend of freedom,” enthused President George W. Bush on a state visit to Chile, November 21st, 2004 (El Mercurio, 22-11-2004). “Chile is an incredible country – the Chileans are a people of good heart that treasure freedom and democracy and understand the importance of economic freedom.” Bush’s message was remarkably similar to that of his father, George H.W. Bush, who fourteen years earlier, also on visit to Chile as President of the United States, had called Chile “an economic model for countries of the region and in the world” and “an example of how the transition to democracy ought to take place” (El Mercurio, 7-12-1990).

    Authors
    L. Peppelenbos
    Year of Publication
    2005
    Downloads
    Download 865_PhD-Peppelenbos-final