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Initiation ceremonies in Traditional Authority Liwonde in Machinga District in Southern Malawi:
What do they look like now and before; and do they influence young people’s behaviour regarding sex and relationships?
The baseline study of the YES I DO (YID) programme found, among other issues, that initiation ceremonies stimulate young people to experiment with sex, leading to teenage pregnancy and consequently (child) marriage. This study was initiated to explore how initiation ceremonies have evolved over the last 30 years and especially how they have impacted on youth sexual and reproductive health behaviour.
Understanding agribusiness-based advisory services: Findings of a learning trajectory
Findings of a learning trajectory–Full Report
In many low- and middle-income countries, agribusinesses are deeply engaged in providing services to small- and medium-scale farmers. Such services can include agricultural advisory services or extension. Yet this phenomenon of agribusiness-based advisory services (ABAS) has received relatively little attention in the study of and discussions on advisory services (Babu & Zhou, 2016; IDH, 2016, 2017). This is a critical oversight, as agribusinesses are increasingly present as service providers, and hence shape the prevailing service landscape for smallholder farmers. Importantly, agribusinesses face various challenges in their role as service providers, with impacts both on the agribusinesses themselves and on their ability to contribute to inclusive agricultural development.
Gaining insight into the magnitude of and factors influencing child marriage and teenage pregnancy and their consequences in Pakistan
YES I DO. is a strategic alliance of five Dutch organizations which main aim is to enhance the decision making space of young people about if, when and whom to marry as well as if, when and with whom to have children.
Aquaculture value chain analysis in Cambodia
Aquaculture development in Cambodia is recent compared to its neighbouring countries in South East Asia. Production has been growing in the last decade, whilst imports of farmed fish from Vietnam and Thailand remain high. Despite general availability of land and less polluted water in Cambodia, the value chain (VC) is suffering from low sanitary standards of inputs and products. Nevertheless, there is significant potential for growth and diversification of species and fish farming systems, in order to supply the domestic and regional markets more efficiently
Executive Summary: enhancing the effectiveness of agriculture-to-nutrition pathways
This document provides an executive summary of a larger report on “Enhancing the effectiveness of agriculture-to-nutrition pathways: key insights from a gender analysis of impact evaluation design”. See main report for detail on references and recommendations, including links to additional resources and the promising approaches.
Desk study on donors and global programmes on SRHR in SSA
Brief mapping of donors and global programmes on SRHR in SSA as input in the Mid-Term Review of implementation of the Swedish Strategy on SRHR in SSA
Yes I Do Alliance: Midterm Review 2016 to June 2018
Synthesis report | December 2018
Despite a decline in child marriage (CM) in the last decade, an estimated 12 million girls under 18 are married each year. To end the practice by 2030 — the target set out in the Sustainable Development Goals — progress must be significantly accelerated. The Yes I Do Alliance (YIDA), comprising Plan International Netherlands(lead organization), Amref Flying Doctors, CHOICE for Youth and Sexuality, KIT Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) and Rutgers works on ending CM, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and teenage pregnancy (TP).
Lies, damned lies and epidemiology: why global health needs good epidemiological practice guidelines
Epidemiology is the cornerstone of global health. It shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying disease risk factors and preventive healthcare targets.
Aquaculture value chain analysis in Zambia
Although Zambia is endowed with natural water resources that offer significant opportunities, about 50% of the estimated fish demand is unmet. Zambian capture fisheries are operating at a fully exploited or over-exploited level. Aquaculture production is beginning to respond to the ever-increasing demand for fish, along with imports that have increased markedly
Review UNFPA framework
Review of UNFPA Strategic plan 2018 – 2021 Integrated results and resource framework
A Qualitative Study on the Causes and Consequences of Divorce after Child Marriage in Sukabumi, Rembang and West Lombok Regencies
Although there are no statistical data showing the relationship between child marriage and the rate of divorce, there are indications that child marriage contributes to divorce rates in Indonesia. Research on child marriage conducted by PLAN International (2015) in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia found that the objection of young people to child marriage was considered to cause disharmony, conflicts and domestic violence in marital relations, and sometimes divorce. Studies on divorces in the context
of child marriage in Indonesia are few and the study presented in this report is an attempt to fill this research gap.
Systems Analysis in AIS: potentials and pitfalls
Agricultural innovation systems are complex, multi-layered, and can be difficult to define and analyse. In this paper, we provide examples of ‘systems analysis’: describing the context, what was done, and how the outcomes informed broader research and development activities. The five cases describe analyses of: i) agricultural systems in North-West Vietnam; ii) household food security in Central Vietnam; iii) agricultural innovation systems in Central Africa; iv) wheat commodity systems in Sub-Saharan Africa, and v) the national agricultural research system in Papua New Guinea.
The SWPER index for women’s empowerment in Africa
miLOOP for cataract surgery
The purpose of this project was to give comments on the medical device miLOOP for cataract surgery and inform about the most used techniques for cataract surgery in LMICs
Undergraduate family medicine and primary care training in Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest global burden of disease and the lowest number of health workers per population. In a resource-constrained environment like this, a focus on primary healthcare (PHC) is most likely to impact on the health of the population and to be cost-effective. Medical generalists have the competences needed in the multidisciplinary team to build a strong PHC system. However, in many African countries, PHC is the weakest part of the healthcare system, which often focuses on a limited number of priority conditions that are addressed through fragmented vertical programmes offered by health workers with limited training, skills and support.
The contribution of AIS approaches to achieving impact at scale – intentions, realities and outlooks
Agricultural innovation systems (AIS) approaches contribute to achieving impact at scale: this is still a statement which is questioned and not yet a widely accepted fact. Any claims supporting it are based on circumstantial evidence at best. This chapter discusses why this is the case, examining how AIS approaches primarily create a relevant context perspective in support of learning and partnership processes, rather than leading to targeted strategies for achieving impact at scale.
Health extension workers improve tuberculosis case finding and treatment outcome in Ethiopia: a large-scale implementation study
Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of death among infectious diseases and is responsible for 1.8million deaths each year. Over 4 million incident cases of TB worldwide fail to be diagnosed or linked into TB services every year and people with undetected TB have a high mortality and perpetuate disease transmission. Identifying and treating these individuals is crucial.
Do theories of change enable innovation platforms and partnerships to navigate towards impact?
Working Paper Series 2017 – 13
Theories of change (ToCs) are increasingly used to articulate pathways for interventions and to support learning. This responds to the recognition of the complexity of agricultural development. Through two examples, this paper examines how ToCs have enabled practitioners to navigate towards impact in settings characterized by a multiplicity of views from different actors on issues of joint concern.
Guidelines to organise a farmers innovation fair
In order to stimulate policymakers and practitioners to recognise farmer innovation in agricultural research and development (ARD), partners in the Prolinnova network have been developing and using various methods and tools for advocacy and lobbying. One of these is the Farmer Innovation Fair.
The support for farmers-led seed systems in African seed laws
The objective of this report is to compare regional and national seed laws in Africa, and analyse the extent to which they support (or undermine) farmers’ participation in seed systems. The paper pays particular attention to how or whether these laws recognize farmers as conservers and breeders of crop varieties, and as potential multipliers and providers of seed, through a range of potential means, from traditional exchanges at local levels to commercial sales at a national or even regional scale. Ultimately, we identified and analysed combinations of national policies, legislation, regulations and executive decrees regulating the seed sector in 35 African countries.