Impact assessment

Land governance

KIT works on the integration of a local perspective on land governance in agricultural policies and food security strategies. We particularly address the involvement of farmer organisations, local governments, NGOs, private sector, smallholders and vulnerable groups like women and pastoralists.

Land access and use

Secure access to land is important for social justice and dignity – particularly for the most vulnerable groups. Land and natural resources are essential for the livelihoods of smallholders but are increasingly the subject of competing claims  and land grabbing by different user groups. 

Land governance is the process by which decisions are made regarding the access to and use of land, the manner in which those decisions are implemented, and the way that conflicting interests are reconciled. Weak land governance can become a root cause of economic stagnation, eco-system degradation, deprivation and injustice.

States have been reforming tenure legislation and there is an increasing role for local institutions (e.g. local land boards, local councils) as mediators in competing claims for rights to land.

Innovative land governance

KIT develops and supports innovative land governance processes at the local or rural level  in a number of ways. Some examples are:

  • Facilitating capacity development
  • Learning and knowledge generation
  • Advisory services
  • Strengthening links with policy-making processes

This also includes improving performance of companies and funding organisations in the field of responsible investments. We think that it’s necessary to find a balance between local land rights for smallholders, and attracting domestic and foreign investment in land for agri-business purposes.

Our governance team also has thematic expertise in local economic development, natural resource management, participatory planning, and monitoring and evaluation. We aim for the inclusion of marginalised groups in local governance to enhance equity of development outcomes.


KIT is member of the board of the Netherlands academy on land governanceLANDac_logo(RGB) for equitable and sustainable development (Landac) which aims to bring together researchers, policy makers and development practitioners. Please visit the website: